Youtube layout 2010

Youtube layout 2010 DEFAULT

How To: Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was

Last week, Google updated the YouTube layout to be more in tune with other Google properties. One thing that's different is the new, more Google+ look of your YouTube homepage. Though some may like the change, some definitely do not.

How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was

Also new is the "Guide" on the left side when you're watching a YouTube video.

How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was

for you folks looking to get back to the normal YouTube layout, it's as easy as copying and pasting some code into your browser.

How to Revert Back in Google Chrome

  1. Go to Developer Tools (located under View -> Developer -> Developer Tools).
How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was
  1. Go to the Console tab.
How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was
  1. Ignore all of the red errors; copy/paste the following into the console window:

document.cookie="VISITORINFO1LIVE=qDpUsBNO0FY; expires=Thu, 2 Aug 2020 20:47:11 UTC"

  1. Hit the Enter key.
How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was
  1. Exit the Developer Tools.
  2. Now restart Google Chrome and you'll have the old look back.
How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was

And as you can see, a video page looks like before, too, with the "Guide" now gone from the left.

How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was

How to Revert Back in Mozilla Firefox

  1. Go to the Web Console (found in Tools -> Web Developer -> Web Console).
How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was
  1. Again, copy/paste the following code into the console window:

document.cookie="VISITORINFO1LIVE=qDpUsBNO0FY; expires=Thu, 2 Aug 2020 20:47:11 UTC"

  1. Hit the Enter key.
How to Revert the New YouTube Layout Back to How It Was
  1. Exit the Web Console.
  2. Now restart Mozilla Firefox and you'll have the old look back.

Video Guide

For a video on how to do this, check out xDowsey's below.

Note: If you ever delete your cookies, this old-look fix will disappear and you'll have to repeat the steps above.

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A while ago, YouTube started to test a new interface design. The new design is based on the simplicity and usability that defines all other products and services from Google. The new YouTube looks a lot more cleaner and that’s because more and more white space is used instead of a couple of old information that appeared around a video. Also, the information on top of the video is minimized and the round corners got removed.

If you are curious and want to check the new design on your account then just follow this simple steps:

1. First, select the browser you’re using: Firefox or Google Chrome

*If you are using other internet browser please install or use one of those mentioned above  in order to make this operation.

Using Firefox

2. Open the Web Console by clicking on the Firefox Button -> Web Developer -> Web Console … or by pressing Ctrl+Shift+K

3. Type in the web console this code:

4. Page should now be changed to the new layout. Go back to Firefox button and disable the Web Developer tool.

Using Google Chrome

2. Open the Developer tools by clicking on the Wrench Button -> Tools -> Developer tools and select console … or by simply pressing Ctrl+Shift+J

3. Paste the same code:

4. Wait for the page to be refreshed and changed.

Support, TutorialsSours: https://withsteps.com/1391/update-your-youtube-layout-with-the-late-2012-design.html
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How to Get Your Old YouTube Layout Back

I am an aspiring science-fiction author hopeful who wants to inform others in their journey for the truth. Join me in that quest.

This article was initially published on June 14, 2019.

Not too long ago I was corresponding with some of my fellow Hubbers to consult with them about the HubPages Amazon Program. One of the criticisms they sent my way that really sunk into my head was their suggestion that I needed to publish an article that was less controversial and more opinion-neutral than the ones that I had published on this writing platform in the past. Therefore, I decided that it was time that I published an informative article that would help others deal with an aggravating problem that has been confronting many YouTubers over the recent months, especially since nobody has ever posted an article about this topic on HubPages to the best of my knowledge.

Once upon a time and in the not-so-distant past, I discovered this beautiful thing on the Internet named YouTube. I vaguely recall that the very first time that I accessed YouTube was sometime in the previous decade on this one day that I was on the Internet at my local library and I clicked onto a video of Gloria Estefan and The Miami Sound Machine performing their 1980s song hit titled “Words Stand In The Way.” I was amazed at how I could practically get the computer to act like a television set or even a DVD player simply by clicking on that same YouTube video.

I later decided that I wanted to get in on the YouTube action, and I, therefore, signed up for my very first YouTube channel in 2013. Back in those days, the YouTube layout was not that much different than it was up until recently. The only noticeable difference between 2013 and 2017 regarding YouTube was that a YouTuber was limited on how long each of their posts could be in the comments section of each video back in 2013. A little less than a year after I got my initial YouTube channel, YouTubers were eventually allowed to make their comments as long as they wanted in the comments section of each YouTube video. That was definitely an improvement on YouTube’s part.

Within the past year or so, YouTube has been rolling out a new layout that may appear confusing to some of us who are used to the old YouTube layout. When YouTube first rolled out their new layout, it was completely optional to every YouTuber. Several months ago I accidentally switched over from the old YouTube layout to the new one. The situation was slightly stressful, because I didn’t really know how it happened and I only wanted to revert back to the old YouTube layout. Luckily, there was still an easy-to-find feature on the new YouTube layout that allowed for me to click on it and save it, and then, like instant magic, I had my old YouTube layout back again. Other YouTubers warned the YouTube community that not before long, there would be no such option to revert back to the old YouTube layout. However, as I had my mind set on other matters, I was not concerned about when and how the new YouTube layout would become a possibly permanent reality for me; and I eventually forgot all about the incident.

About a week ago, I was troubleshooting a situation unrelated to YouTube, and I cleared all of the cookies and caches from my Chrome browser in hopes that I would remedy that same situation. Little did I know that I was in for a very big surprise once I was to bring up YouTube on my computer screen shortly thereafter. Then the unthinkable happened. I brought up YouTube on my computer screen, and, out of the blue, it was in the new YouTube layout. I was bewildered on how this mishap could have befallen me. I, therefore, signed into YouTube and searched for the same option that had allowed me to revert back to the old YouTube layout on the previous occasion that something of this nature had happened to me. However, much to my dismay, that same option no longer existed. Now, if any of you have experienced this mishap and you have grown attached to the old YouTube layout, you probably already know what was going through my mind at that moment. For those of you who have not gone through this same mishap, you’re still probably going to want to read my article to find out what to do if you ever find yourself in this stressful situation. In any event, I will describe to all of you how I dealt with the situation.

Once I realized that YouTube no longer had a quick-and-easy option to revert back from the new YouTube layout to the old one, I went into my computer's Action Center and went into the "Recovery" feature to see if I could restore my computer settings back to the way they were on a previous date by selecting an "Automatic Restore Point" from a date before this mishap occurred so that, hopefully, I would have my old YouTube layout back. However, my nightmare was only beginning once I found out that the date appearing on my computer screen as the "Automatic Restore Point" was the same date as the one that appeared on the lower right-hand corner of my computer screen. In other words, there was no "Automatic Restore Point" available to me that would undo this tragedy. I, therefore, found myself watching video after video on YouTube on how to get my old YouTube layout back. However, most of them only provided me with a temporary fix to this problem. In other words, I would get my old YouTube layout back for a short while; but whenever I would open another tab and bring up YouTube, the new YouTube layout was right there in front of me, grinning directly in my face and telling me that I was never going to get my old YouTube layout back ever again. Figuratively speaking, that is. I was not going to give up in this fight to get back my old YouTube layout. At the same time, I felt more despondent than I had ever felt with a situation involving my computer.

Have you ever seen the 1958 version of the scary science-fiction movie titled The Fly? In that movie, a scientist experiments with a teleportation machine and inadvertently ends up with the head and the left arm of a fly after a housefly gets into the teleportation machine with him when he decides to teleport himself from one side of his laboratory to the other. The drama of the film works up to a heart-throbbing scene in which the scientist’s wife believes that she has restored her scientist husband back to normal and then comes the scary moment in which she removes the cover from her husband’s head; but instead of her husband having a human head, he has a fly head and she screams in terror. To make the scene even more disturbing, the scientist pulls his left hand out of his laboratory coat and instead of it being a regular human hand, he has a long insect leg with a claw that looks big enough to mangle someone. The scientist’s wife eventually passes out in that scene. Well, I didn’t pass out after I found out that I might be stuck indefinitely with the new YouTube layout, but I certainly felt like doing so and I could have used a good scream as well to vent my frustrations. If you have never seen the 1958 version of The Fly, the video below provides a clip of the above scene that I described.

It's The Feeling You Get When Technology Overpowers You

Now that you’ve seen the video, you can probably guess how I felt at the time when I realized that I might be stuck with the new YouTube layout indefinitely. Also, the fly head on the scientist could also symbolize the mindset of hopelessness and desperation that I was in once it hit me that I may be never get my old YouTube layout back again. Time was going by and I simply wasn’t finding a solution to my situation.

What is so outrageous is that YouTube has no toll-free telephone number you can call to get a technical support person on the line to help walk you through the steps to get beyond a mind-boggling situation of this nature. YouTube does provide customers with the option of e-mailing them with any concerns. However, I am someone who needs to hear a friendly voice on my telephone receiver to explain instructions to me on how to deal with such situations. Speakerphones were the best invention ever to come out, because they free up your hands to do whatever you need to do on your computer or on any such device while someone guides you through the steps of troubleshooting a problem of this nature. I would even settle for YouTube offering an online chat room for YouTubers to consult with their staff on such matters, although nothing can replace the human element of a telephone call. However, e-mailing back and forth simply doesn’t cut it for me, but, unfortunately, such method of communication is all that YouTube appears to offer to its community.

Now, I do realize that some of you out there may have fallen in love with the new YouTube layout; and if it works for you and you are happy with it, I wish you all the best in your journey with it. However, there may be many of you out there who are set in your ways and you have become so accustomed to the old YouTube layout that you absolutely do not want to switch to the new one. Whenever I sign into YouTube, I like to find myself in surroundings that are familiar to me and are going to produce the results for me that I have always expected and gotten. The new YouTube layout is like a labyrinth to me wherein I find myself playing hide-and-go-seek with its features any time that I want to do something in YouTube. The comments sections below YouTube videos even look unattractive to me in the new YouTube layout. Well, if you found yourself in my situation and you want your old YouTube layout back, you will be flabbergasted and overjoyed to know that there are ways to revert back to the old YouTube layout. The Chrome browser and the Mozilla Firefox browser both offer the most painless and quickest way to do so. Now, I realize that some of you out there use browsers other than Chrome and Mozilla Firefox to access YouTube. I’ve been lucky that I have not encountered this same problem with the new YouTube layout forcing itself upon me in my other browser. However, some of you who use browsers other than Chrome and Mozilla Firefox to access YouTube might not have been so lucky. Therefore, herein I provide everyone with a foolproof method to revert back to the old YouTube layout.

1. How To Get Back Your Old YouTube Layout In Chrome And Mozilla Firefox

If you use the Chrome browser or the Mozilla Firefox browser to go into YouTube on your computer and you fell into the same situation that I did, then you are already ahead of the game inasmuch as the solution to the problem usually takes very few minutes to apply. For best results, you will first want to be signed into YouTube. If you use the Chrome browser to access YouTube, then you are going to need to download an extension that can be found in the Chrome Web Store. The name of the extension in the Chrome Web Store is “Switch for YouTube.” Once you enter into *the website for that extension, you are going to find a rectangular blue icon on the upper right section of it that reads “Add To Chrome.” (*Update Note - this extension may no longer be available for the Chrome browser, but there is still one available for the Mozilla Firefox browser. Do not worry, because there are others way to address this issue in the Chrome browser that are explained herein.) You will want to click that icon, and it will download the extension to your Chrome browser. Afterwards, you will notice that a small icon in the form of the YouTube insignia will appear on the upper right-hand corner of your computer screen not too far from the search bar. What you will want to do at that point is pull up the YouTube homepage on your computer. Then once you click the small icon on the upper right-hand corner of your computer screen, you will notice that it will read “OLD” in front of it and your new YouTube layout will immediately revert back to the old one.

Once you are finished with all of these above-described steps, you will now be able to navigate anywhere through YouTube in the old YouTube layout. Even after you sign out of YouTube, you will still have the old YouTube layout on your computer screen until, of course, you go to another website in that same tab or you log off your computer. These same steps worked for me, and they’re a permanent fix. Therefore, they will work for you, unless you have a newer version of the Chrome browser that does not accept the “Switch for YouTube” extension. However, do not worry, because I will be providing those of you in that situation with another way that you can restore your old YouTube layout to your browser.

The Mozilla Firefox browser involves a virtually identical process as the Chrome browser does in reverting back to the old YouTube layout. Like the Chrome browser, you will be downloading an extension to your Mozilla Firefox browser to get back the old YouTube layout. That extension in Mozilla Firefox is also named “Switch for YouTube.” Herein I now direct you to a website that provides the instructions on how to do so.

2. How To Get Back Your Old YouTube Layout In Browsers Other Than Chrome And Mozilla Firefox

Okay. So you’re one of those people who don’t use the Chrome browser or the Mozilla Firefox browser to go into YouTube. Instead, you’re one of those people who use Microsoft Edge, Safari, Opera Net, the Dolphin Browser, or the UC Browser to access YouTube, and you’ve recently realized that the new YouTube layout has hijacked your computer. You want a solution. That is no problem. Now, I’m going to be brutally honest with you. Even though you will be able to get back your old YouTube layout in your browser, the process to do so is going to be much more involving and time-consuming than it would be in Chrome or Mozilla Firefox inasmuch as you’re going to have to download some software and walk through the steps carefully to get the results that you want. Nevertheless, it can be done, and I’m going to direct you to that solution.

There is a YouTuber named Zortec who provides a blow-by-blow description on how to revert back to the old YouTube layout in a YouTube video of his. You have to use a software application named Tampermonkey to do so, and he describes how you download it and apply the necessary steps with it to get your old YouTube layout back in the particular browser that you use. This method only works for the following browsers: Microsoft Edge, Safari, Opera Net, the Dolphin Browser, the UC Browser, Chrome and Mozilla Firefox. I would not recommend using this method for the Mozilla Firefox browser, because the method I describe above with the “Switch for YouTube” extension is the fastest way to get your old YouTube layout back in that particular browser. Now, as for the Chrome browser, if the above-described method with the “Switch for YouTube” extension did not work on your computer, then you are going to want to use YouTuber Zortec’s method instead. Otherwise, if you have any other browser that you use to access YouTube on your computer with which Tampermonkey is compatible, then you should go ahead and use YouTuber Zortec’s method. Here below is the video wherein YouTuber Zortec describes how to restore your old YouTube layout in the other browsers that I mentioned above.

Get Back Your Old YouTube Layout In Other Browsers

In reference to the above video, herein I now provide you the link to Tampermonkey. You will also need the old YouTube layout script to complete this same procedure, because you will need to copy and paste it in accordance to the instructions in the above video. Also, once you are in the Tampermonkey website, you're going to notice that there is an individual tab for each browser. Keep in mind that you will first want to click the tab therein that is specifically for your browser before you apply the instructions provided in the above video.

After watching the above video, some of you probably want to ask me what to do in this situation if you have Internet Explorer. Now, I realize that some of you use the Internet Explorer browser to go into YouTube. Sometimes I use my Internet Explorer browser to do so myself, although my Chrome browser gives me a much clearer and crisper image of the videos I watch on YouTube than my Internet Explorer browser does. Unfortunately, I have not found a way for you to restore your old YouTube layout in your Internet Explorer browser. I am still able to go into YouTube in its old layout in my Internet Explorer browser. Of course, I have not cleared any of my cookies or my caches from that browser, simply because I don’t use that browser very often. If YouTube still comes up in your Internet Explorer browser in its old layout, then I suggest that you not clear your cookies or caches from your Internet Explorer browser under any circumstances or you may be stuck with the new YouTube layout.

3. Conclusion To This Topic

The evolution of computer technology has gotten to be a headache for many of us in the recent years, even though the people who invent ways of upgrading such technology are usually well-meaning in their intentions. Software applications and hardware applications sometimes even become obsolete shortly after they are released onto the market. Now video platforms are shoving this same overly progressive technological evolution down our throats, and many of us still want ways to hold onto to what we are familiar with. The above aforementioned methods of reverting back to the old YouTube layout on your browser are not only useful to us but they are also free. Regardless of whether you prefer the new YouTube layout or the old YouTube layout, we can all agree that using YouTube should be a positive experience for everyone.

A Poll For People Who Want Better Communication With YouTube

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2019 Jason B Truth

Comments

Jason B Truth (author) from United States of America on July 01, 2019:

Okay, ladies and gentlemen. If you've been surprised to learn that you've lost your old YouTube layout, then you are in the right place, doing the right thing at the right time. I've done the research, and the directions on how to get your old YouTube layout are in the article above.

Sours: https://discover.hubpages.com
YouTube Layouts 2005-2012

History of YouTube

Overview of the history of YouTube

Design history of the video player used by YouTube. Note that each layout generation might have gone through minor undocumented iterations, and that appearance may vary with embedding parameters.

YouTube is an American online video-sharingplatform headquartered in San Bruno, California, founded by three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim– in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion, since which it operates as one of Google's subsidiaries.

YouTube allows users to upload videos, view them, rate them with likes and dislikes, share them, add videos to playlists, report, make comments on videos, and subscribe to other users. The slogan "Broadcast Yourself" used for several years and the reference to user profiles as "Channels" signifies the idea on which the platform is based on, of allowing anyone to operate a personal broadcasting station in resemblance to television with the extension of video on demand.

As such, the platform offers a wide variety of user-generated and corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos, short and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, and other content such as video blogging, short original videos, and educational videos.

As of February 2017[update], there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, and one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of October 2020[update], YouTube is the second-most popular website in the world, behind Google, according to Alexa Internet.[1] As of May 2019[update], more than 500 hours of video content are uploaded to YouTube every minute.[2] Based on reported quarterly advertising revenue, YouTube is estimated to have US$15 billion in annual revenues.

YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos,[3] its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods,[4] hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters,[5] videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections,[6] and fluctuating policies on the types of content that is eligible to be monetized with advertising.[3]

2005July – Video HTML embedding
July – Top videos page
August – 5-star rating system
October – Playlists
October – Full-screen view
October – Subscriptions
2006January – Groups function
February – Personalized profiles
March – 10-minute video limit
April – Directors function
May – Video responses
May – Cell phone uploading
June – Further personalized profiles
June – Viewing history
2007June – Local language versions
June – Mobile web front end with RTSP streaming
2008March – 480p videos
March – Video analytics tool
December – Audioswap
2009January – Google Videos uploading halted
June – Launch of "YouTube XL" front end for television sets
July – 720p videos
November – 1080p videos
December – Automatic speech recognition
December – Vevo launch
2010March – "Thumbs" rating system
July – 4K video
2011November – YouTube Analytics
November – Feature film rental
2012March – Seek bar preview tooltips
June – Merger with Google Video
2013March – Transition to the "One" channel layout
September – Removal of video reponses feature
2014October – 60 fps videos
2015March – 360° videos
November – YouTube Red launches
2016February – YouTube subscription service
2017February – YouTube TV launches
March – Ability to modify video annotations removed
August – Logo changed and new "polymer" website version defaulted (preselected)
2018June – Introduction of "Premieres"
2019January – Removal of annotations and AutoShare features
September – Visisble subscriber counts abbreviated to three leading digits
2020Removal of option for legacy website version ("")
Removal of legacy "Creator Studio"
August – Removal of optional email notifications for uploads
2021Purge of pre-2017 unlisted videos through mass-privatization.

Founding (2005)

YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, when they worked for PayPal.[7] Prior to working for PayPal, Hurley studied design at the Indiana University of Pennsylvania; Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.[8] YouTube's initial headquarters was above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California.[9]

The domain name "YouTube.com" was activated on February 14, 2005, with video upload options being integrated on April 23, 2005, after being named "Tune In, Hook Up" ─ the original idea of Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim. The concept was an online dating service that ultimately failed but had an exceptional video and uploading platform.[11] After the infamous Justin Timberlake and Janet Jackson Halftime show incident, the three creators realized they couldn't find any videos of it on the internet, after noticing that this type of platform did not exist they made the changes to become the first major video sharing platform.[12] The idea of the new company was for non-computer experts to be able to use a simple interface that allowed the user to publish, upload and view streaming videos through standard web browsers and modern internet speeds. Ultimately, creating an easy to use video streaming platform that wouldn't stress out the new internet users of the early 2000s.[13] The first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo, was uploaded on April 23, 2005, and shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo and currently has over 120 million views and almost 5 million likes.[14][15] Hurley was behind more of the looks of the website, he used his art skills to create the logo and designed the look of the website.[16] Chen made sure the page actually worked and that there would be no issues with the uploading and playback process. Karim was a programmer and helped in making sure the initial website got put together properly and helped in both design and programming.[16]

As of June 2005, YouTube's slogan was "Your Digital Video Repository".[17]

YouTube began as an angel-funded enterprise working from a makeshift office in a garage. In November 2005, venture firm Sequoia Capital invested an initial $3.5 million,[18] and Roelof Botha (a partner of the firm and former CFO of PayPal) joined the YouTube board of directors. In April 2006, Sequoia and Artis Capital Management invested an additional $8 million in the company, which had experienced significant growth in its first few months.[19]

Growth (2006)

After opening on a beta service in May 2005 YouTube.com was trafficking around 30,000 viewers a day in just months of time. After launching six months later they would be hosting well over two million viewers a day on the website. By March 2006 the site had more than 25 million videos uploaded and was generating around 20,000 uploads a day.[20] During the summer of 2006, YouTube was one of the fastest growing sites on the World Wide Web,[21] hosting more than 65,000 new video uploads. The site delivered an average of 100 million video views per day in July.[22] However, this did not come without any problems, the rapid growth in users meant YouTube had to keep up with it technologically speaking. They needed new equipment and wider broadband internet connection to serve an ever growing audience. The increasing copyright infringement problems and lack in commercializing YouTube eventually led to outsourcing to Google who later failed in their own video platform "Google Video".[20] It was ranked the fifth-most-popular website on Alexa, far out-pacing even MySpace's rate of growth.[23] The website averaged nearly 20 million visitors per month according to Nielsen/NetRatings,[22] with around 44% female and 56% male visitors. The 12- to 17-year-old age group was dominant.[24] YouTube's pre-eminence in the online market was substantial. According to the website Hitwise.com, YouTube commanded up to 64% of the UK online video market.[25]

YouTube entered into a marketing and advertising partnership with NBC in June 2006.[26]

Purchase by Google (2006)

The first targeted advertising on the site came in February 2006 in the form of participatory video ads, which were videos in their own right that offered users the opportunity to view exclusive content by clicking on the ad.[27] The first such ad was for the Fox show Prison Break and solely appeared above videos on Paris Hilton's channel.[27][28] At the time, the channel was operated by Warner Bros. Records and was cited as the first brand channel on the platform.[28] Participatory video ads were designed to link specific promotions to specific channels rather than advertising on the entire platform at once. When the ads were introduced, in August 2006, YouTube CEO Chad Hurley rejected the idea of expanding into areas of advertising seen as less user-friendly at the time, saying, "we think there are better ways for people to engage with brands than forcing them to watch a commercial before seeing content. You could ask anyone on the net if they enjoy that experience and they’d probably say no."[28] However, YouTube began running in-video ads in August 2007, with preroll ads introduced in 2008.[29]

On October 9, 2006, it was announced that the company would be purchased by Google for US$1.65 billion in stock, which was completed on November 13. At that time it was Google's second-largest acquisition.[30] This kickstarted YouTube's rise to becoming a global media dominator, creating a multi-billion-dollar business that has surpassed most television stations and other media markets, sparking success for many YouTubers.[13] Indeed, YouTube as an entity generated more than twice the amount of revenues in 2018 than any major TV network (with $15 billion compared to NBC's $7 billion).[31] The agreement between Google and YouTube came after YouTube presented three agreements with media companies in an attempt to avoid copyright-infringement lawsuits. YouTube planned to continue operating independently, with its co-founders and 68 employees working within Google.[32] Viral videos were the main factor for YouTube's growth in the beginning of its early days with Google, for example Evolution of Dance, Charlie Bit My Finger, David After the Dentist, and more viral videos.[33]

Google's February 7, 2007 SEC filing revealed the breakdown of profits for YouTube's investors after the sale to Google. In 2010, Chad Hurley's profit was more than $395 million while Steve Chen's profit was more than $326 million.[34]

Person of the year (2006)

In 2006, Time Magazine featured a YouTube screen with a large mirror as its annual 'Time Person Of The Year'. It cited user-created media such as that posted on YouTube and featured the site's originators along with several content creators. The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times also reviewed posted content on YouTube in 2006, with particular regard to its effects on corporate communications and recruitment. PC World Magazine named YouTube the ninth of its Top 10 Best Products of 2006.[35] In 2007, both Sports Illustrated and Dime Magazine featured positive reviews of a basketball highlight video titled, The Ultimate Pistol Pete Maravich MIX.[36]

Continued growth and functionality (2007–2013)

It is estimated that in 2007, YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000.[37]

YouTube's early website layout featured a pane of currently watched videos, as well as video listings with detailed information such as full (2006) and later expandable (2007) descriptions, as well as profile pictures (2006), ratings, comment counts, and tags.[38][39] Channels' pages were equipped with standalone view counters, bulletin boards, and were awarded badges for various rank-based achievements, such as "#15 - Most Subscribed (This Month)", "#89 - Most Subscribed (All Time)", and "#15 - Most Viewed (This Week)".[40]

In March 2007, YouTube launched the YouTube Awards, an annual competition in which users voted on the best user-generated videos of the year.[41] The awards were presented twice, in 2007 and 2008. Video contests with prizes existed as early as December 2005, possibly earlier.[42][43]

At "youtube.com/browse", there were various web feeds, including a list of the videos most recently videos to the site, suggesting an upload rate of approximately two videos per minute as of April 2007.[44] Other feeds included the most viewed, highest rated, most discussed, most "favourited", most backlinked, staff picks, videos with most video responses, and "Watch on mobile". Some feeds could be filtered by categories including but not limited to "Autos & Vehicles", "Music", "News & Politics", "People & Blogs", "Travel & Places", and feeds except "Most recent" (where inapplicable) could be filtered by time range ("Today", "This week", "This month", "All time"). An uncaptioned Verizon Wireless logo resided on the "Watch on mobile" feed, suggesting a partnership.[45]

In June 2007, YouTube launched a mobile web front end, where videos are served through RTSP.[46]

In July 2007, YouTube partnered with Verizon Wireless to enable mobile phone users to submit videos through Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS).[47]

On July 23, 2007, and November 28, 2007, CNN and YouTube produced televised presidential debates in which Democratic and Republican US presidential hopefuls fielded questions submitted through YouTube.[48][49]

In December 2007, YouTube launched the Partner Program, which allows channels that meet certain metrics (currently 1000 subscribers and 4000 public watch hours in the past year)[50] to run ads on their videos and earn money doing so.[29]

Around 2008, "Warp Player" was tested out. It was an experimental interactive interface for browsing videos, where links to videos appeared as thumbnails, visualized in a floating and navigable net.[51]

Starting in 2008, the site featured a series of April Fools' pranks each year until 2016. At the first, on April 1st 2008, all video links on the front page were redirected to Rick Astley's music video "Never Gonna Give You Up", a prank known as "rickrolling". The other gags are covered in YouTube § April Fools Gags.

In June 2008, video annotations were introduced. Users were able to add text boxes and speech bubbles at any desired location and custom sizes in various colours, and optionally with a link and short pausing, allowing for interactive videos. In February 2009, the feature was extended to allow for collaboration, meaning uploaders could invite others to edit their video's annotations.[52][53][54]

Since October 2008, deep linking to a playback position through a timestamped URL is possible.[55] A new "theatre view" mode was added as well, allowing the video player to optionally extend over both page columns.[56]

As part of the "TestTube" program which allows users to opt to use experimental site features, a comment search feature accessible under was implemented in October 2009. YouTube Feather was introduced in December as a lightweight alternative website front-end intended for countries with limited internet speeds.[57] Both were removed subsequently.[58]

In November 2008, YouTube reached an agreement with MGM, Lions Gate Entertainment, and CBS, allowing the companies to post full-length films and television episodes on the site, accompanied by advertisements in a section for US viewers called "Shows". The move was intended to create competition with websites such as Hulu, which features material from NBC, Fox, and Disney.[59][60]

YouTube was awarded a 2008 Peabody Award and cited as being "a 'Speakers' Corner' that both embodies and promotes democracy".[61][62]

In early 2009, YouTube registered the domain for videos embedded on United States federal government websites.[63][64] In November of the same year, YouTube launched a version of "Shows" available to UK viewers, offering around 4,000 full-length shows from more than 60 partners.[65]

In April 2009, YouTube launched their earliest HTML5 video player experiments.[66]

Throughout 2009, the alphabetical sorting of YouTube's "AudioSwap" feature helped popularizing Alexander Perls' "009 Sound System" music project through frequent use in videos.[67][68]

YouTube XL Logo (2009-2013).png

In June 2009, YouTube XL was launched. It was a front-end for viewing and browsing on television sets, and as such, for use on stationary game consoles with web browser, such as the Nintendo Wii. Its appearance varied depending on device.[69][70]

In July 2009, developers of YouTube placed a site notice that warned about the impending deprecation of support for Internet Explorer 6, prompting its users to upgrade their browser. It is claimed that they represented 18% of site traffic at that time. Within months of the announcement, traffic from Internet Explorer 6 reduced to less than half, and traffic from other browsers surged accordingly.[71]

In late 2009, YouTube introduced automatic captioning of videos through speech recognition. Initially only available in English, it was expanded to six European languages in late 2012.[72][73]

Entertainment Weekly placed YouTube on its end-of-the-decade "best-of" list In December 2009, describing it as: "Providing a safe home for piano-playing cats, celeb goof-ups, and overzealous lip-synchers since 2005."[74]

The transition from ActionScript version 2 to 3 was initiated in late 2009.[75]

In January 2010, an overhaul of the watch page was first tested as beta. It was made default on March 31st.[76][77]

In January 2010,[78] YouTube introduced an online film rentals service which is currently available only to users in the US, Canada and the UK.[79][80] The service offers over 6,000 films.[81] In March 2010 YouTube began free streaming of certain content, including 60 cricket matches of the Indian Premier League. According to YouTube, this was the first worldwide free online broadcast of a major sporting event.[82]

On March 31, 2010, YouTube launched a new design with the aim of simplifying the interface and increasing the time users spend on the site. Google product manager Shiva Rajaraman commented: "We really felt like we needed to step back and remove the clutter."[83]

Until then, a five-point video rating system that used star icons was in use. Users were able to rate videos with one to five "stars", where more indicated greater preference. This rating system was replaced with a bidirectional one using positive "like" and negative "dislike" ratings, citing low numbers of users rating other than the most (5) or least (1) stars. Ratings of three or more "stars" were converted to "likes" and such below accordingly to "dislikes".[84] This change was first announced in September 2009.[85] As a reference, widely known sites that operate a five-level rating system as of 2021 are IMDb, Amazon, and the Google Play Store. Additionally, videos previously marked as "Favorite" have been moved to a playlist for each user, the video description was moved from the right side to below the video viewport, the profile picture was removed from the watch page, and the "More From: channel name" section in the side pane above "Related Videos" was moved to button above the video player labelled with the number of channels' public videos which allowed quickly accessing other videos of a channel without having to navigate to the channel page.[84]

Later the same month, the control section of the Flash-based video player was redesigned to feature a dedicated row for the seek bar, as is used since, as of 2021.[86]

In May 2010, it was reported that YouTube was serving more than two billion videos a day, which was "nearly double the prime-time audience of all three major US television networks combined".[87] According to May 2010 data published by market research company comScore, YouTube was the dominant provider of online video in the United States, with a market share of roughly 43 percent and more than 14 billion videos viewed during May.[88]

Around 2010, an easter egg of the Flash-based video player was discovered, where pressing the arrow key while the dotted loading animation is visible initiates a Snake game formed by the dots. The HTML5-based player, which initially had the same dotted loading animation, did not support it.[89][90]

In September 2010, a unique full-page interactive TippEx advertising campaign was launched on YouTube, where the entire watch page was simulated in a Flash viewport. A hunter who does not wish to shoot a bear grabs outside of the video's viewport to reach for a Tipp-Ex tape roller, and uses it to cover the word "shoots" in the video titled "A hunter shoots a bear". Users were able to enter words in the gap, which lead to different unlisted videos with a multitude of pre-recorded reactions.[91]

In October 2010, Hurley announced that he would be stepping down as the chief executive officer of YouTube to take an advisory role, with Salar Kamangar taking over as the head of the company.[92]

James Zern, a YouTube software engineer, revealed in April 2011 that 30 percent of videos accounted for 99 percent of views on the site.[93]

In May 2011, YouTube reported on the company blog that the site was receiving more than three billion views per day.[94] Later, in January 2012, YouTube stated that the figure had increased to four billion videos streamed per day.[95]

In June 2011, YouTube started experimenting with reaction buttons, allowing users to react to videos with a multitude of expressions, similar to Facebook's 2016 reaction buttons, though YouTube removed reaction buttons soon after.[96][97]

During November 2011, the Google+ social networking site was integrated directly with YouTube and the Chrome web browser, allowing YouTube videos to be viewed from within the Google+ interface.[98] In December 2011, YouTube launched a new version of the site interface, with the video channels displayed in a central column on the home page, similar to the news feeds of social networking sites.[99] It is based on a similar user interface was put to test as early as July 2011 under the code name "Cosmic Panda".[100] At the same time, a new version of the YouTube logo was introduced with a darker shade of red, which was the first change in design since October 2006.[101]

In 2012, YouTube said that roughly 60 hours of new videos are uploaded to the site every minute, and that around three-quarters of the material comes from outside the U.S.[94][95][102] The site has eight hundred million unique users a month.[103]

As of 2012, users were able to rate playlists, and videos' view counts and playlists' total duration were indicated on playlist pages.[104]

In March 2012, preview tooltips for the video player's seek bar were introduced on the desktop web front end, initially available on select videos and gradually rolled out. This feature allows the viewer to additionally preview portions of a video by hovering above the seek bar with the mouse cursor, whereas only the time stamp was indicated before. Dragging the position handle of the video player additionally showed surrounding preview images in a film strip layout. For videos longer than 90 minutes, a magnified portion of the seek bar was additionally displayed since to facilitate fine seeking.[105]

On March 30th and 31st, 2012, in the course of earth hour, the site used a light-on-dark color scheme (or "dark theme"). A switch was located left to the video title, allowing to toggle back if desired. This is the earliest known use of a light-on-dark color scheme on the site. The switch was removed the following day and the bright background was restored.[106][107]

From 2010 to 2012, Alexa ranked YouTube as the third most visited website on the Internet after Google and Facebook.[108]

In late 2011 and early 2012, YouTube launched over 100 "premium" or "original" channels. It was reported the initiative cost $100 million.[109] Two years later, in November 2013, it was documented that the landing page of the original channels became a 404 error page.[110][111] Despite this, original channels such as SourceFed and Crash Course were able to become successful.[112][113]

An algorithm change was made in 2012 that replaced the view-based system for a watch time-based one that is credited for causing a surge in the popularity of gaming channels.[114]

In October 2012, for the first-time ever, YouTube offered a live stream of the U.S. presidential debate and partnered with ABC News to do so.[115] The peak in concurrent views on any live stream was reached on October 14, where over eight million watched a sky dive.[116]

On October 25, 2012 (2012-10-25), The YouTube slogan (Broadcast Yourself) was taken down due to the live stream of the U.S. presidential debate.

In October 2012, YouTube introduced the ability to add a translucent and overlayed custom icon at a corner of all own videos, which can link to the channel page or a specified video. The feature was initially named "InVideo Programming".[117]

YouTube relaunched its design and layout in early December 2012 to resemble the mobile and tablet app version of the site.[citation needed] Notable changes of the watch page are the relocation of title and the "Subscribe" button from above to below the video's viewport, the removal of the button that opened a section above the video viewport showing other videos of the same channel without needing to leave the watch page, and the removal of a button-sized banner located above the viewport, which could contain a custom image, popularly icons and text logos.[118]

On December 21, 2012, the "Gangnam Style" music video by South-Korean musician PSY became the first YouTube video to surpass one billion views.[119]

As of early 2013, YouTube video recommendations contain both videos and channels.[120]

Modern era, feature trimdown (2013-present)

In early 2013, YouTube transitioned channels to the initially optional "One" channel layout, which added the ability to put playlists into shelves on the channel front page, but removed custom backgrounds. Formerly unified channel pages were separated into multiple sub pages such as "Videos", "Playlists", "Discussion" (channel comments), "Channels" (featured by user), and "About" (channel description, total video view count, join date, outlinks). Coarsely, this layout is still in operation as of 2021.[121]

In March 2013, the number of unique users visiting YouTube every month reached 1 billion.[122] In the same year, YouTube continued to reach out to mainstream media, launching YouTube Comedy Week and the YouTube Music Awards.[123][124] Both events were met with negative to mixed reception.[125][126][127][128]

Since early July 2013, the first page of videos' comment section is no longer included in the watch page's HTML source code, but instead loaded subsequently through AJAX.[129]

In September 2013, the "video responses" feature introduced in 2006 was removed, citing a low click-through rate. It allowed users to respond to videos through a new or existing video which appeared above the comment section.[130]

In the same month, YouTube's comment system merged with Google's social network site "Plus", since which a Google account is mandatory to be able to comment. Channels created prior as standalone YouTube accounts using its legacy registration form have been grandfathered to a URL.[131][132]

In November 2013, YouTube's own YouTube channel surpassed Felix Kjellberg's PewDiePie channel to become the most subscribed channel on the website. This was due to auto-suggesting new users to subscribe to the channel upon registration.[133]

In March 2015, YouTube introduced the ability to automatically publish videos at a scheduled time,[134] as well as "info cards" and "end cards", which allow referring to videos and channels through a notification at the top right of the video at any playback time, and thumbnails shown in the last 20 seconds. In contrary to annotations, these work in the mobile app too, though are far less customizable.[135][136]

In August 2015, "YouTube Gaming" was launched. It was a separate web and mobile front end showing only gaming-related content, featuring a similar layout but somewhat modified appearance compared to the main site, and a light-on-dark color scheme well before the feature was introduced to the main site.[137] It was discontinued in March 2019 and merged with the main site.[138]

In December 2015 and January 2016, direct uploading through email and webcam recording respectively were removed. The former existed to support cell phones with limited web browsing capabilities.[139][140]

In mid-2016, the earliest experiments with a redesigned desktop web front end were conducted. It follows the "material design" language and is based on the "Polymer" web framework.[141]A light-on-dark color scheme, also known as "dark mode" or "dark theme", was first implemented in May 2017.[142]

The earliest trials with a new channel sub page named "Community" as an impending replacement for "Discussion" were conducted on select channels in September 2016.[143]

In November 2016, the ability to "heart" and pin comments under own videos was added. "Hearting" visibly marks comments under own videos to signify appreciation; a select comment can be pinned so to remain on top of the section.[144]

Live streaming from the mobile app was rolled out in early 2017, initially only available to channeles with at least 10,000 subscribers.[145]

Annotations became uneditable on May 2, 2017. Since then, users were only able to remove all annotations from individual videos. Parts of the feature such as collaborative annotations and pause markings were already removed earlier.[146][147]

On August 29, 2017, YouTube changed both their logo and the design of their desktop website. The "Tube" part of the logo is no longer surrounded by the shape resembling a CRT television. The shape moved left besides the "YouTube" word mark and has a white triangle resembling a play button. Their new "Polymer" web front based on that first tested in mid-2016 was made default for visitors.[148][141]

On April 3, 2018, a shooting took place at YouTube headquarters.[149]

In June 2018, a "Premiere" feature was added, where a video can be broadcast like a live stream after uploaded, and users can discuss in a live chat like they can in live streams. Before the video starts, an animated two-minute preroll with the soundtrack "Space Walk" by "Silent Partner" is played. A premiere can be set to start immediately after upload or at a scheduled time, though scheduled publications existed since March 2015.[150][151]

On July 9, 2018, the private messaging feature has been removed from "Creator Studio", purging existing messages.[152] In the earlier years of YouTube, the feature existed separately as "Inbox".[153]

In November 2018, YouTube rolled out a "Stories" feature in resemblance to SnapChat and Instagram Stories, where videos are automatically deleted ("expire") after a day. The feature was tested as "YouTube reels" earlier that year, and is only accessible through the native mobile apps and not implemented on the websites.[154]

The removal of existing annotations on all videos was announced on November 27, 2018, and occurred as scheduled on January 15, 2019.[155][156][157]

On January 31, 2019, AutoShare was removed. The feature allowed users to opt to automatically broadcast actions such as liking videos, playlist additions, new uploads, and earlier added subscriptions to Google Plus and Twitter, and the channel feed.[158][159]

On the same day, the dedicated section for video credits like "Starring", "Written by", and "Edited by" was removed from videos' description box, citing low usage. Addition of such was already disabled since November 27, 2018, the same day on which the definite annotation removal was announced.[160][161]

Since September 2019, channels' publicly displayed subscriber counts are abbreviated to the leading three digits, including those served through the site API. This means, for example, that a subscriber count of 102,687 is indicated as "102K" or "102.000". This change disabled third-party real-time subscriber count indicators such as that of Social Blade, and diminished the accuracy of historical log data. Exact counts remained accessible to channel operators through the "YouTube Studio" web application.[162][163]

Also in September 2019, the new "direct messaging" system was removed two years after introduction. This is a distinct system not to be confused with the legacy one removed in July 2018 after existing since YouTube's early years.[164][165]

In November 2019, YouTube has announced that the service would phase out the classic version of YouTube Studio to all YouTube creators by the spring of 2020.[166] It was available and accessible to some YouTube creators by the end of March 2020.[167]

In that month, a watch queue feature was added, which resembles the intermittently removed "QuickList" feature that was originally introduced in 2006.[168][169]

In late 2019, the mobile website got equipped with a standalone HTML5 video player interface rather than displaying browsers' built-in HTML5 player.[170]

Since December 2019, users are no longer able to share the automatically generated playlist of positively rated videos.[171]

The ability to add polls with up to five options as video info cards was removed in May 2020.[172]

In June 2020, YouTube phased out the ability to use categories.

In August 2020, automated Email notifications of newly published videos by user-opted channels have been shut down, citing low numbers of users who open them. Only push notifications (mobile) and internal web notifications (desktop) of new uploads remained.[173]

The "Community Captions" feature which allowed viewers to contribute captions for public display upon approval by the video uploader was removed in September 2020.[174][175]

In December 2020, comments on so-called "art tracks" which are automatically posted music tracks with album cover, frequently on "topic channels",[176][177] have been permanently deactivated.[178]

After introducing the ability to visibly divide the video player's seek bar into chapters in May 2020 using time stamp lists in the video description, the platform started experimenting with automatic estimation of videos' chapters in November 2020 using artificial intelligence that detects in-video chapter titles.[179]

In July 2021, all unlisted videos prior to 2017[a] were set to private, making them unplayable except on channels whose owners intervened by manually opting out.[180][181]

On August 24, 2021, YouTube sent a cease and desist to the developers of Groovy, a Discordbot which enabled audio from YouTube videos to be played in Discord voice chats, as the bot violated YouTube's Terms of Service.[182][183][184] A YouTube spokesperson stated, "We notified Groovy about violations of our Terms of Service, including modifying the service and using it for commercial purposes."[182] In a message announcing the bot's closure, the owner of Groovy, Nik Ammerlaan, said, "Groovy has been a huge part of my life over the past five years. It started because my friend’s bot sucked and I thought I could make a better one."[182]

In September 2021, the dedicated "view attributions" page was discontinued citing low usage.[185]

All channels' "Discussion" sub page is to be ultimately discarded on October 12, 2021. The feature was known as "Channel comments" in the site's early age, and served as channels' general comment section. Previously, it was gradually replaced with the "Community" page that first rolled out to select channels, and since approximately 2018 to channels surpassing a subscriber count threshold that decreased over time, discarding existing discussions.[186][187]

Internationalization

On June 19, 2007, Google CEO Eric Schmidt was in Paris to launch the new localization system.[188] The interface of the website is available with localized versions in 103 countries and regions, one territory (Hong Kong) and a worldwide version.[189]

YouTube Localisation.svg
Country Language(s) Launch date Notes
 USA (and worldwide launch) EnglishFebruary 15, 2005[188]First location
 BrazilPortugueseJune 19, 2007[188]First international location, and the First Latin American Country.
 FranceFrench and BasqueJune 19, 2007[188]First European Union location, and the First location in Europe.
 IrelandEnglishJune 19, 2007[188]
 ItalyItalianJune 19, 2007[188]
 JapanJapaneseJune 19, 2007[188]First Asian location
 NetherlandsDutchJune 19, 2007[188]
 PolandPolishJune 19, 2007[188]
 SpainSpanish, Galician, Catalan, and BasqueJune 19, 2007[188]
 United KingdomEnglishJune 19, 2007[188]
 MexicoSpanishOctober 11, 2007[190]
 Hong KongChinese and EnglishOctober 17, 2007[191]Blocked in China
 TaiwanChineseOctober 18, 2007[192]
 AustraliaEnglishOctober 22, 2007[193]
 New ZealandEnglishOctober 22, 2007[193]
 CanadaFrench and EnglishNovember 6, 2007[194]
 GermanyGermanNovember 8, 2007[195]
 RussiaRussianNovember 13, 2007[196]
 South KoreaKoreanJanuary 23, 2008[197]
 IndiaHindi, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, and UrduMay 7, 2008[198]
 IsraelHebrewSeptember 16, 2008First Middle East location
 Czech RepublicCzechOctober 9, 2008[199]
 SwedenSwedishOctober 22, 2008[200]First Scandinavian Country.
 South AfricaAfrikaans, Zulu, and EnglishMay 17, 2010[188]First African location
 ArgentinaSpanishSeptember 8, 2010[201]
 AlgeriaFrench and ArabicMarch 9, 2011[202]One of the first Arab World locations
 EgyptArabicMarch 9, 2011[202]
 JordanArabicMarch 9, 2011[202]
 MoroccoFrench and ArabicMarch 9, 2011[202]
 Saudi ArabiaArabicMarch 9, 2011[202]
 TunisiaFrench and ArabicMarch 9, 2011[202]
 YemenArabicMarch 9, 2011[202]
 KenyaSwahili and EnglishSeptember 1, 2011[203]
 PhilippinesFilipino and EnglishOctober 13, 2011[204]First Southeast Asian location
 SingaporeEnglish, Malay, Chinese, and TamilOctober 20, 2011[205]
 BelgiumFrench, Dutch, and GermanNovember 16, 2011[188]
 ColombiaSpanishNovember 30, 2011[206]
 UgandaEnglishDecember 2, 2011[207]
 NigeriaEnglishDecember 7, 2011[208]
 ChileSpanishJanuary 20, 2012[209]
 HungaryHungarianFebruary 29, 2012[210]
 MalaysiaMalay and EnglishMarch 22, 2012[211]
 PeruSpanishMarch 25, 2012[212]
 United Arab EmiratesArabic and EnglishApril 1, 2012[213]
 GreeceGreekMay 1, 2012
 IndonesiaIndonesian and EnglishMay 17, 2012[214]
 GhanaEnglishJune 5, 2012[215]
 SenegalFrench and EnglishJuly 4, 2012[216]
 TurkeyTurkishOctober 1, 2012[217]
 UkraineUkrainianDecember 13, 2012[218]
 DenmarkDanishFebruary 1, 2013[219]
 FinlandFinnish and SwedishFebruary 1, 2013[220]
 NorwayNorwegianFebruary 1, 2013[221]
  SwitzerlandGerman, French, and ItalianMarch 29, 2013[222]
 AustriaGermanMarch 29, 2013[223]
 RomaniaRomanianApril 18, 2013[224]
 PortugalPortugueseApril 25, 2013[225]
 SlovakiaSlovakApril 25, 2013[226]
 BahrainArabicAugust 16, 2013[227]Multiple Middle East locations launched
 KuwaitArabicAugust 16, 2013[227]
 OmanArabicAugust 16, 2013[227]
 QatarArabicAugust 16, 2013[227]
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian, Croatian, and SerbianMarch 17, 2014
 BulgariaBulgarianMarch 17, 2014[228]
 CroatiaCroatianMarch 17, 2014[229]
 EstoniaEstonianMarch 17, 2014[230]
 LatviaLatvianMarch 17, 2014[231]
 LithuaniaLithuanianMarch 17, 2014Baltic area fully locally accessible
 North MacedoniaMacedonian, Serbian, and TurkishMarch 17, 2014
 MontenegroSerbian and CroatianMarch 17, 2014
 SerbiaSerbianMarch 17, 2014
 SloveniaSlovenianMarch 17, 2014[232]
 ThailandThaiApril 1, 2014[233]
 LebanonArabicMay 1, 2014[227]
 Puerto RicoSpanish and EnglishAugust 23, 2014Used Spain version or USA version before launch.
 IcelandIcelandic?, 2014
 LuxembourgFrench and German?, 2014
 VietnamVietnameseOctober 1, 2014First contemporary communist location
 LibyaArabicFebruary 1, 2015Blocked in 2010; unblocked in 2011.
 TanzaniaSwahili and EnglishJune 2, 2015
 ZimbabweEnglishJune 2, 2015
 AzerbaijanAzerbaijaniOctober 12, 2015[234]First location in the Caucasus.
 BelarusRussianOctober 12, 2015[234]
 GeorgiaGeorgianOctober 12, 2015[234]
 KazakhstanKazakhOctober 12, 2015[234]
 IraqArabicNovember 9, 2015[citation needed]
   NepalNepaliJanuary 12, 2016[235]
 PakistanUrdu and EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[236]Blocked in 2012; unblocked in 2015.
 Sri LankaSinhala and TamilJanuary 12, 2016[235]
 JamaicaEnglishAugust 4, 2016[citation needed]
 MaltaEnglishJune 24, 2018
 BoliviaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019 Multiple Latin American locations launched.
 Costa RicaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 EcuadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 El SalvadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 GuatemalaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 HondurasSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 NicaraguaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 PanamaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 UruguaySpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 ParaguaySpanish and GuaraniFebruary 21, 2019
 Dominican RepublicSpanishFebruary 21, 2019 Last Latin American location
 CyprusGreek and TurkishMarch 13, 2019 Last European Union location
 LiechtensteinGermanMarch 13, 2019 Last European location

On October 17, 2007, it was announced that a Hong Kong version had been launched. At the time, YouTube's Steve Chen said that its next target would be Taiwan.[237][238]

YouTube was blocked from Mainland China from October 18 due to the censorship of the Taiwanese flag.[239] URLs to YouTube were redirected to China's own search engine, Baidu. It was subsequently unblocked on October 31.[240]

The YouTube interface suggests which local version should be chosen on the basis of the IP address of the user. In some cases, the message "This video is not available in your country" may appear because of copyright restrictions or inappropriate content.[241] The interface of the YouTube website is available in 76 language versions, including Amharic, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Burmese, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Laotian, Mongolian, Persian and Uzbek, which do not have local channel versions.[242] Access to YouTube was blocked in Turkey between 2008 and 2010, following controversy over the posting of videos deemed insulting to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and some material offensive to Muslims.[243][244] In October 2012, a local version of YouTube was launched in Turkey, with the domain . The local version is subject to the content regulations found in Turkish law.[245] In March 2009, a dispute between YouTube and the British royalty collection agency PRS for Music led to premium music videos being blocked for YouTube users in the United Kingdom. The removal of videos posted by the major record companies occurred after failure to reach agreement on a licensing deal. The dispute was resolved in September 2009.[246] In April 2009, a similar dispute led to the removal of premium music videos for users in Germany.[247]

Business model, advertising, and profits

YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno from 2006 to 2010

Before being purchased by Google, YouTube declared that its business model was advertisement-based, making 15 million dollars per month.

Google did not provide detailed figures for YouTube's running costs, and YouTube's revenues in 2007 were noted as "not material" in a regulatory filing.[248] In June 2008, a Forbes magazine article projected the 2008 revenue at $200 million, noting progress in advertising sales.[249]

Some industry commentators have speculated that YouTube's running costs (specifically the network bandwidth required) might be as high as 5 to 6 million dollars per month,[250] thereby fuelling criticisms that the company, like many Internet startups, did not have a viably implemented business model. Advertisements were launched on the site beginning in March 2006. In April, YouTube started using Google AdSense.[251] YouTube subsequently stopped using AdSense but has resumed in local regions.

Advertising is YouTube's central mechanism for gaining revenue. This issue has also been taken up in scientific analysis. Don Tapscott and Anthony D. Williams argue in their book Wikinomics that YouTube is an example for an economy that is based on mass collaboration and makes use of the Internet.

"Whether your business is closer to Boeing or P&G, or more like YouTube or flickr, there are vast pools of external talent that you can tap with the right approach. Companies that adopt these models can drive important changes in their industries and rewrite the rules of competition"[252]: 270  "new business models for open content will not come from traditional media establishments, but from companies such as Google, Yahoo, and YouTube. This new generation of companies is not burned by the legacies that inhibit the publishing incumbents, so they can be much more agile in responding to customer demands. More important, they understand that you don't need to control the quantity and destiny of bits if they can provide compelling venues in which people build communities around sharing and remixing content. Free content is just the lure on which they layer revenue from advertising and premium services".[252]: 271sq 

Tapscott and Williams argue that it is important for new media companies to find ways to make a profit with the help of peer-produced content. The new Internet economy, (that they term Wikinomics) would be based on the principles of "openness, peering, sharing, and acting globally". Companies could make use of these principles in order to gain profit with the help of Web 2.0 applications: "Companies can design and assemble products with their customers, and in some cases customers can do the majority of the value creation".[252]: 289sq  Tapscott and Williams argue that the outcome will be an economic democracy.

There are other views[by whom?] in the debate that agree with Tapscott and Williams that it is increasingly based on harnessing open source content, networking, sharing, and peering, but they argue that the result is not an economic democracy, but a subtle form and deepening of exploitation, in which labour costs are reduced by Internet-based global outsourcing.[citation needed]

The second view is e.g. taken by Christian Fuchs in his book "Internet and Society". He argues that YouTube is an example of a business model that is based on combining the gift with the commodity. The first is free, the second yields profit. The novel aspect of this business strategy is that it combines what seems at first to be different, the gift and the commodity. YouTube would give free access to its users, the more users, the more profit it can potentially make because it can in principle increase advertisement rates and will gain further interest of advertisers.[253] YouTube would sell its audience that it gains by free access to its advertising customers.[253]: 181 

"Commodified Internet spaces are always profit-oriented, but the goods they provide are not necessarily exchange-value and market-oriented; in some cases (such as Google, Yahoo, MySpace, YouTube, Netscape), free goods or platforms are provided as gifts in order to drive up the number of users so that high advertisement rates can be charged in order to achieve profit."[253]: 181 

In June 2009, BusinessWeek reported that, according to San Francisco-based IT consulting company RampRate, YouTube was far closer to profitability than previous reports, including the April 2009, projection by investment bank Credit Suisse estimating YouTube would lose as much as $470 million in 2009.[254] RampRate's report pegged that number at no more than $174 million.[255]

In May 2013, YouTube launched a pilot program to begin offering some content providers the ability to charge $0.99 per month or more for certain channels, but the vast majority of its videos would remain free to view.[256][257]

See also

Notes

  1. ^Whether YouTube means the original upload date or the first publishing date of videos which were later made unlisted is unclear. The latter likely applies, as that date is indicated on the watch page after initial publication.

References

  1. ^"Youtube.com Traffic, Demographics and Competitors". www.alexa.com. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  2. ^Loke Hale, James (May 7, 2019). "More Than 500 Hours Of Content Are Now Being Uploaded To YouTube Every Minute". TubeFilter. Los Angeles, CA. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  3. ^ abAlexander, Julia (May 10, 2018). "The Yellow $: a comprehensive history of demonetization and YouTube's war with creators". Polygon. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  4. ^Wong, Julia Carrie; Levin, Sam (January 25, 2019). "YouTube vows to recommend fewer conspiracy theory videos". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  5. ^Orphanides, K. G. (March 23, 2018). "Children's YouTube is still churning out blood, suicide and cannibalism". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  6. ^Orphanides, K. G. (February 20, 2019). "On YouTube, a network of paedophiles is hiding in plain sight". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  7. ^Graham, Jefferson (November 21, 2005). "Video websites pop up, invite postings". USA Today. Retrieved July 28, 2006.
  8. ^Wooster, Patricia (2014). YouTube founders Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. ISBN . Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  9. ^Sara Kehaulani Goo (October 7, 2006). "Ready for Its Close-Up". Washington Post. Retrieved November 29, 2008.
  10. ^"YouTube on May 7, 2005". Wayback Machine. May 7, 2005. Archived from the original on May 7, 2005. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  11. ^Dredge, Stuart (March 16, 2016). "YouTube was meant to be a video-dating website". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  12. ^"The history of YouTube". Phrasee. May 9, 2016. Archived from the original on September 25, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
  13. ^ abBurgess, Jean, and Joshua Green. YouTube : Online Video and Participatory Culture, Polity Press, 2018. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/templeuniv-ebooks/detail.action?docID=5502950.
  14. ^Alleyne, Richard (July 31, 2008). "YouTube: Overnight success has sparked a backlash"
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_YouTube

Layout 2010 youtube

Design History of YouTube.com

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YouTube Launches (2005)

Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim launched YouTube in 2005, apparently as a dating site concept. An important point to note here: while the internet is fond of displaying this image with a broken layout as the first version of YouTube, we don't believe that's how the site truly looked. Most likely, this was a screenshot taken from the Wayback Machine that failed to render properly, leaving important elements off the page. And because we don't believe that's how YouTube really looked, we don't include it in our archive.

The early homepage in 2005 was spartan by today's standards, with only five videos, a search box, and a bunch of video tags to explore. YouTube's first video player had an enormous logo watermark in the bottom right corner and very few controls. There was no timer or fullscreen button, for example. But it didn't matter for fans of the site at the time. YouTube was the first website that made it easy to upload and share videos by relying on Flash, which that worked seamlessly in the browser. It was much easier to use than other video player plug-ins at the time, such as RealVideo. Later in 2005, the homepage became busy with tabs and additional content.

YouTube Evolution & Massive Growth (2006)

YouTube averaged 100 million video views per day by mid-2006. Features like full-screen video view, subscriptions, video ratings, and personalized user profiles were added throughout 2005 and 2006, leading to various design and usability changes to the site layout and video player. The video player was upgraded and redesigned with additional controls, and thankfully lost the huge watermark (although it remained on the embedded player at the time).

Google announced the purchase of YouTube in October 2006, for an estimated price of $1.65 billion.

YouTube Homepage, Login, and Video Watch Pages (2007)

YouTube Homepage and Watch Page (2008)

YouTube Homepage and Watch Page (2009)

Warning About Internet Explorer 6 (2009)

YouTube homepage warning about IE6 (2009)
Source: vg.no

YouTube Offers TV Shows For Rent (2009)

YouTube Homepage and Watch Page (2010)

YouTube Homepage and Watch Pages (2011)

YouTube Homepage and Watch Page (2012)

YouTube Homepage and Watch Page (2013)

YouTube Homepage (2015)

2017 Layout Before Redesign (2017)

Layout and Logo After 2017 Redesign (2017)

YouTube Homepage and Watch Page (2019)

YouTube homepage (2019)
Source: YouTube.com

YouTube video watch page (2019)
Source: YouTube.com

Next: History of Google Search and Google Maps

Did you enjoy seeing the history of YouTube? See our design evolution of Google Search starting in 1996.

Plus, check out our article on the visual design history of Google Maps which launched in 2005.

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Sours: https://www.versionmuseum.com/history-of/youtube-website
Evolution of YouTube 2005 - 2020

How to Switch Back To the Old YouTube Layout [Creator Studio]

If you’re a YouTube creator, you may have noticed that when you go to check your analytics, they look a little different to what they used to be. YouTube are encouraging video creators to try the new Studio Beta, because it has new analytics and it has a layout that YouTube wants you to use in the future. The problem is for many video creators is that they've been forced onto this new studio without being asked.

If you want to return to the Creator Studio Classic, as it's now called, in the bottom left hand corner, you should be able to click a button which will take you back there. However, this is only a temporary fix, because when you go back to your analytics on your next YouTube session, you'll be taken to the new Beta Studio once again.

How to Make YouTube Classic Studio Your Default (But Should You?)

To make the Classic Studio once again your default studio, click on Settings in the new Beta Studio and you should have an option in the General Settings to set the default creator experience. Set it to Creator Studio Classic and you should now go to your normal analytics, which you're all used to.

So now you know how to switch back to the old Classic Studio analytics. The question is should you? Well the most important thing to know right now is that the Studio Beta is the future, the Classic Studio is going to go away at some point in 2019. YouTube is still very coy on when this is going to happen, but at some point that Creator Studio is not going to be accessible. So you should at least familiarize yourself with the new Studio Beta. Another thing to note is that the Classic Studio is now in what you might call a maintenance-only mode, so that it's not gonna get any new upgraded features.

For example, there is an option to check Impressions and Click Through, but that's only available through the new Studio Beta. And this is another reason to start using the new studio for Impressions, Click Through rates, and so on. These are vital pieces of information which will really help grow your channel.

For all you vidIQ users out there, we will be concentrating more and more on the Studio Beta throughout 2019. You can already see we've got some features in the edit pages, such as the best time to publish your videos, the legendary SEO Scorecard and Checklist, as well as the Boost feature.

Personally, I love the new features in the Studio Beta, the dashboard in particular, with that little snapshot of your latest video, and Impressions to Click Through Rate is an absolute gold mine of information to really improve your thumbnails.

However, in the Classic Studio, there is still one page I absolutely love. Yep, still can't get enough of this page showing my views in real time for all of my latest videos, and it does help when one of those videos is going viral. Nice!

Want To Get More YouTube Views?

If you want to take your YouTube channel to the next level then make sure to download vidIQ. It will help you research YouTube, analyze videos, audit your own channel, and take actionable steps click here to install now!

Sours: https://vidiq.com/blog/post/how-to-switch-back-old-youtube-layout-creator-studio/

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