La meaning spanish

La meaning spanish DEFAULT

How to Use ‘Lo’ in Spanish

Lo is one of those Spanish words that doesn't always have a clear definition—and it can function in at least four different ways, as a subject pronoun, object pronoun, definite article, or part of a phrase. When you run across the word in a sentence and don't know what it means, you often need to figure out first how it is being used.

Here, in rough order of how common they are, are the ways that lo can function:

Using Lo as a Masculine Direct-Object Pronoun

As a masculine direct object, lo can be translated as either "him" or "it."

  • ¿Pablo? No lo vi. (Pablo? I didn't see him.)
  • El coche es muy caro. Quiero comprarlo. (The car is very expensive. I want to buy it.)
  • Dámelo. (Give it to me.)
  • No creo que lo hayas conocido. (I don't think you've met him.)

Note that the gender of direct-object pronouns is based on the gender of what the pronoun refers to. Thus, in the second sentence, lo is masculine and is used because coche is masculine. If the direct object referred to a feminine noun, la would be used instead, even though the translation to English would still be "it": La caja es muy cara.Quiero comprarla. (The box is very expensive. I want to buy it.)

In the third example above, the use of lo probably indicates that the object sought has a name that is masculine. It is possible, however, that, as explained below in the section on neuter objects, lo could refer to an object whose name isn't known.

In the above sentences where lo means "him," it would be very common in some areas, particularly in Spain, to use le instead of lo. This use of le as a direct object pronoun is known as leísmo.

Using Lo as a Neuter Definite Article

The definite articles in Spanish, typically el and la when singular, are the equivalent of the English "the." Lo can be used as a neuter definite article before an adjective to make an abstract noun. For example, lo importante can be translated as "the important thing," "that which is important," or "what is important," among other possibilities.

  • Lo bueno es que hemos sido más listos. (The good thing is that we have been more clever.)
  • Lo barato sale caro. (What seems cheap ends up expensive.)
  • Lo mejor es que me voy a casa. (The best thing is that I'm going home.)
  • Lo mío es tuyo. (What is mine is yours.)
  • El entrenador se especializa en lo imposible. (The coach specializes in the impossible.)

Lo can be made plural in sentences such as these; los buenos, for example, means "the good things." Los used that way is technically neuter even though it has the same form as the masculine los.

Lo as a Neuter Direct-Object Pronoun

Lo can be used as an object pronoun to refer to something abstract, to an unnamed activity or situation, or to a previous statement. Used in this way, lo is usually translated as "it," sometimes as "that":

  • No podemos hacerlo. (We can't do it.)
  • No lo comprendo. (I don't understand that.)
  • Mi religión no lo prohibe, pero cada vez que lo hago, le doy las gracias al animal por darme vida. (My religion doesn't prohibit it, but every time I do it, I give thanks to the animal for giving me life.)
  • No lo sé. (I don't know it.)

Using Lo With Ser and Estar

It is common when answering questions to use lo before the verbs for "to be" to refer to a preceding noun or adjective. When used in this way, lo has neither number nor gender. Lo also could be omitted without changing the meaning of the sentence.

  • —¿Es nueva tu computadora? —No lo es. ("Is your computer new?" "It isn't.")
  • —¿Estaban felices? —Sí, lo estaban. ("Were they happy?" "Yes, they were.")

Using Lo Que and Lo Cual

The phrases lo que and lo cual serve as relative pronouns usually meaning "that," "what", or "that which":

  • La marihuana: Lo que los padres deben saber. (Marijuana: What parents ought to know.)
  • Mis padres me daban todo lo que yo necesitaba. (My parents gave me everything that I needed.)
  • No puedo decidir lo que es mejor. (I can't decide what is better.)
  • No todolo que brilla es oro. (Not everything that shines is gold.)

Using Lo De

The phrase lo de can be translated differently depending on the context, but generally means something like "the matter concerning":

  • Los senadores republicanos fueron informados sobre lo de la CIA. (The Republican senators were informed about the CIA matter.)
  • Lo de que las niñas japonesas se perdieron no era una mentira. (The story about the Japanese girls getting lost wasn't a lie.)
  • Lo de Castro es todo pretextos y mentiras según sus enemigos. (Castro's way of doing things is all pretexts and lies, according to his enemies.)

Using Lo in Phrases

Phrases using lo, not necessarily in a way that seems intuitive, include:

  • a lo largo de, throughout
  • a lo lejos, in the distance
  • a lo loco, like crazy
  • a lo mejor, possibly, maybe
  • lo sabe todo, he/she knows it all
  • por lo general, generally
  • por lo menos, at least
  • por lo pronto, for now
  • por lo tanto, as a result
  • por lo visto, apparently

Using Lo as an Indirect Object

In some regions, you may occasionally hear the use of lo as an indirect object instead of le. However, this practice, known as loísmo, is considered substandard and should be avoided by those learning the language.

Key Takeaways

  • One of the most common uses of lo is as a masculine or neuter object pronoun to mean "him" or "it."
  • Lo is also frequently placed before adjectives to turn them into abstract nouns.
  • The phrase lo que (or, less often, lo cual) can be used as to mean "that which" or something similar.

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Con la participación de António Feijó y Antonio Sáez Delgado.

With the participation of António Feijó and Antonio Sáez Delgado.

Y con la ayuda de Marcus Borg, James Alison et.

And with the help of Marcus Borg, James Alison et.

Pero la última es con Erik Fischer y L. Bollinger.

But the latest is with Erik Fischer and L. Bollinger.

Patrick es un caballero y la luz de mi vida.

Patrick is a gentleman and the light of my life.

Fundada en 1538, Sucre fue la primera capital de Bolivia.

Founded in 1538, Sucre was the first capital of Bolivia.

Lea la historia de Abraham y Lot en Génesis 14.

Read the story of Abraham and Lot in Genesis 14.

Esta es la historia de mi familia, entonces y ahora.

This is the story of my family, then and now.

Antonio Napoli es un hombre de la primera hora (31min.7seg.

Antonio Napoli is a man of the first hour (31min.7sec.

Claudia Schiffer es la nueva cara de Yves Saint Laurent.

Claudia Schiffer is the new face of Yves Saint Laurent.

Su capital es Puerto Maldonado, en la provincia de Tambopata.

Its capital is Puerto Maldonado, in the province of Tambopata.

  1. Nizzy rapper
  2. Ethen ellen
  3. Stoney patch 350mg

Substituting ‘El’ for ‘La’ for Spanish Feminine Nouns

El is the singular, masculine definite article, meaning "the," in Spanish and is used to define masculine nouns, while la is the feminine version. But there are a few instances where el is used with feminine nouns.

Gender in Words

An interesting thing about Spanish is the fact that words have gender. A word is considered male or female, depending on what the word refers to and how it ends. A general rule of thumb is if a word ends in -o, it is most likely masculine, and if a word ends in -a, it is most likely feminine. If the word is describing a female person, then the word is feminine and vice versa.

Definite Articles for Nouns

In most cases, el is used for masculine nouns and la is used for feminine nouns. Another rule supersedes this, and that is when the feminine noun is singular and starts with a stressed a- or ha- sound, like the words agua, meaning water, or hambre, meaning hunger. The reason the definite article becomes el is mostly a matter of how it sounds to say la agua and la hambre and the clunkiness of the "double-a" sounds repeating. It sounds more definitive to say el agua and el hambre.

There is a similar grammar rule in English about the use of the "an" versus "a." An English speaker would say, "an apple" instead of " a apple." The two repeating "double-a" sounds are too close to each other and sound too repetitive. The English rule states that "an," which is an indefinite article modifying the noun, comes before nouns that have a vowel sound at the beginning of the word and "a" comes before consonant-starting nouns.

Feminine Words that Use the Masculine Article

Notice the substitution of el for la takes place when it comes immediately before words starting with an "a" sound.

Feminine NounsEnglish Translation
el aguathe water
el ama de casathe housewife
el asmaasthma
el arcathe ark
el hambrehunger
el hampathe underworld
el arpathe harp
el águilathe eagle

If the feminine noun is modified by adjectives that follow the noun in the sentence, the feminine noun retains the masculine article.

Feminine NounsEnglish Translation
el agua purificadapurified water
el arpa paraguayathe Paraguayan harp
el hambre excesivaexcessive hunger

Reverting Back to the Feminine Article

The thing to remember is that words that are feminine remain feminine. The reason why this matters is if the word becomes plural, the word goes back to using the feminine definite article. In this case, the definite article becomes las. It sounds fine to say las arcas since the "s" in las breaks up the "double-a" sound. Another example is las amas de casa.

If a word intervenes between the definite article and the noun, la is used.

Feminine NounsEnglish Translation
lapura aguapure water
la insoportable hambrethe unbearable hunger
la feliz ama de casathe happy housewife
la gran águilathe great eagle

If the accent of the noun is not on the first syllable, the definite article la is used with singular feminine nouns when they begin with a- or ha-.

Feminine NounsEnglish Translation
la habilidadthe skill
la audienciathe audience
la asambleathe meeting

The substitution of el for la does not occur before adjectives that begin with a stressed a- or ha-, the rule only applies to nouns, despite the "double-a" sound. 

Feminine NounsEnglish Translation
la alta muchachathe tall girl
la agria experienciathe bitter experience

Exceptions to the Rule

There a few exceptions to the rule that el substitutes for la immediately before a noun that begins with a stressed a- or ha-. Note, the letters of the alphabet, called letras in Spanish, which is a feminine noun, are all feminine.

Feminine NounsEnglish Translation
la árabethe Arabic woman
La HayaThe Hague
la athe letter A
la hachethe letter H
la haz

uncommon word for face,
not to be confused with el haz,
meaning shaft or beam

Feminine Words Can Use the Masculine Indefinite Article

Most grammarians consider it correct for feminine words to take the masculine indefinite article un instead of una under the same conditions where la is changed to el. It is for the same reason la is changed to el, to eliminate the "double-a" sound of the two words together. 

Feminine NounsEnglish Translation
un águilaan eagle
un ama de casaa housewife

Although this is widely considered correct grammar, this usage is not universal. In everyday spoken language, this rule is irrelevant, due to elision, which is the omission of sounds, especially as words flow together. In pronunciation, there is no difference between un águila and una águila.

ROSALÍA \u0026 Travis Scott - TKN (Official Video)


[ es-pah-nyawl ]

/ ɛs pɑˈnyɔl /


noun,plurales·pa·ño·les[es-pah-nyaw-les] /ɛs pɑˈnyɔ lɛs/ for 2.

the Spanish language.

a native or inhabitant of Spain.


of or relating to Spain, the Spanish people, or the Spanish language.



We could talk until we're blue in the face about this quiz on words for the color "blue," but we think you should take the quiz and find out if you're a whiz at these colorful terms.

Question 1 of 8

Which of the following words describes “sky blue”?

Words nearby español

espadrille, espagnole, espagnolette, espalier, España, español, Espartero, esparto, espec., especial, especially Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use español in a sentence

  • One day he's calling Spanish the language of the “ghetto,” the next he's apologizing on YouTube en Espanol.

    Newt Gringo|Benjamin Sarlin|July 20, 2009|DAILY BEAST

  • All such matters are quite individual, but a decoction called chocolate Espanol is also to be recommended.

    Cuba, Old and New|Albert Gardner Robinson

  • Neither the boss nor I could habla Espanol—speak Spanish, you know—much then.

    Victory|Joseph Conrad

  • And he added, with the first words he had spoken since they met, "Hablo espanol?"

    The Heritage of the Sioux|B.M. Bower


Meaning spanish la


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